Técnicas Valsalva y Frenzel: compensa la presión en tus oídos tras bucear

Comparamos las Técnicas Valsalva vs Frenzel al bucear.

Si eres un buzo experimentado (o uno novato), seguramente habrás tenido problemas para compensar la presión en los oídos, es por ello que hoy vas a aprender sobre las técnicas Valsalva y Frenzel, que te ayudarán con ese inconveniente en tus inmersiones.

La diferencia principal radica en el uso del diafragma en el Valsalva y del movimiento de la lengua en el Frenzel. Aunque el efecto es el mismo, el gasto de energía es significativamente diferente.

En el freediving, se utiliza el Frenzel debido a la dificultad de usar el Valsalva en profundidades más allá de los 20 a 30 metros.

Diferencia entre las técnicas Valsalva y Frenzel

Diferencia entre las técnicas Valsalva y Frenzel

Entre las técnicas Valsalva y Frenzel para compensar la presión en los oídos durante el buceo, encontramos diferencias significativas en su ejecución y efectos:

Uso del diafragma en la técnica Valsalva

La técnica Valsalva implica el uso del diafragma, un músculo situado debajo de los pulmones, para ejercer presión y equilibrar la diferencia de presión en los oídos.

Consiste en exhalar suavemente mientras se cierran la nariz y la boca, manteniendo ambos orificios cerrados, se hace presión para igualar la presión en los oídos.

Movimiento de la lengua en la técnica Frenzel

Por otro lado, la técnica Frenzel se basa en el movimiento de la lengua para compensar la presión en los oídos.

Se realiza cerrando la epiglotis, elevando el dorso de la lengua hacia el paladar y haciendo movimientos como pronunciar ciertas letras con la boca cerrada.

Efecto y gasto de energía de cada técnica

El efecto de ambas técnicas es el mismo, es decir, logran equilibrar la presión en los oídos durante el buceo.

Sin embargo, hay una diferencia significativa en el gasto de energía requerido.

La técnica Valsalva, al utilizar el diafragma, implica un mayor gasto de energía en comparación con la técnica Frenzel, que se basa en el movimiento de la lengua.

Motivo de utilizar la técnica Frenzel en el freediving

En el fascinante mundo del freediving, la técnica Frenzel se convierte en la opción preferida para compensar la presión en los oídos.

La razón principal radica en que a partir de los 20-30 metros es muy difícil usar la técnica Valsalva.

¿Por qué es más difícil de usar la técnica Valsalva en profundidades mayores a 20-30 metros?

A medida que nos sumergimos más en las profundidades marinas, el diafragma se estira al máximo y resulta insuficiente para empujar el aire desde los pulmones hacia los oídos.

Esta limitación dificulta la aplicación de la técnica Valsalva para compensar la presión en los oídos adecuadamente.

Obligatoriedad de utilizar la técnica Frenzel

Por lo tanto, en el freediving se vuelve imprescindible dominar la técnica Frenzel. Utilizando el movimiento preciso de la lengua, podemos controlar la presión en los oídos sin depender del diafragma.

Esta técnica nos permite explorar las maravillas submarinas en profundidades más allá de los límites del buceo tradicional.

Consejos y trucos para compensar los oídos durante el buceo

Compensar los oídos adecuadamente es fundamental para evitar problemas durante el buceo.

Aquí tienes algunos consejos y trucos que podrás utilizar en tus salidas a mar abierto (como las que hacemos en Divers Team):

Compensar continuamente y a menudo

Es importante realizar la compensación de presión de manera constante durante la inmersión. No esperes a sentir molestias para hacerlo, ya que esto puede causar daños en los oídos.

Realiza pequeñas compensaciones cada pocos metros de profundidad o cada vez que sientas la necesidad.

No forzar la compensación

Evita forzar la compensación de presión, ya que esto puede provocar lesiones en los oídos.

Si sientes resistencia o dolor al intentar compensar, asciende un poco y prueba nuevamente.

Masticar chicle como ayuda

Masticar chicle durante el buceo puede ser de gran ayuda para facilitar la compensación de presión en los oídos.

Esto se debe a que el acto de masticar provoca movimientos mandibulares que contribuyen a equilibrar la presión.

Sigue estos consejos y trucos para asegurar una adecuada compensación de presión en los oídos durante tus sesiones de buceo.

Recuerda que la prevención es fundamental para evitar problemas y disfrutar al máximo de la experiencia submarina.

Importancia de prevenir problemas en los oídos al bucear

Al bucear, es de vital importancia prevenir cualquier problema relacionado con los oídos.

La compensación adecuada de la presión en los oídos es fundamental para evitar daños y molestias.

Recuerda que una buena salud auricular es fundamental para disfrutar al máximo del buceo.

Evita problemas como la barotrauma o el síndrome de alternancia y mantén tus oídos en óptimas condiciones siguiendo estos consejos.

Si experimentas cualquier molestia persistente, es recomendable acudir a especialistas en medicina subacuática, quienes podrán brindarte la atención médica necesaria y realizar los reconocimientos adecuados para el buceo deportivo y profesional.

Técnicas de compensación de presión en los oídos durante el buceo

Las técnicas de compensación de presión son fundamentales para evitar los problemas en los oídos durante el buceo.

A continuación, estas son las 3 maniobras más usadas por buceadores alrededor del mundo:

Maniobra de Valsalva

La maniobra de Valsalva consiste en utilizar el diafragma para compensar la presión en los oídos.

Para realizarla, es necesario exhalar suavemente mientras se tapa la nariz y se trata de soplar aire al mismo tiempo, lo que ayuda a igualar la presión de los oídos con la del ambiente.

Maniobra de Frenzel

En cambio, la técnica Frenzel utiliza el movimiento de la lengua. Al pronunciar ciertas letras como la ‘k’ o la ‘g’, se crea una presión en la parte posterior de la lengua que ayuda a abrir la trompa de Eustaquio y equilibrar la presión en los oídos.

Maniobra de Toynbee

La maniobra de Toynbee consiste en tragar saliva al mismo tiempo que se tapa la nariz. Esto ayuda a abrir la trompa de Eustaquio y permitir que el aire fluya hacia los oídos.

Es importante practicar estas técnicas antes de bucear y realizarlas de forma regular durante la inmersión.

Debes tener siempre en mente que los descensos y ascensos deben ser controlados y lentos, y mantener una buena hidratación es fundamental para evitar problemas en los oídos.

¿Cómo cambiar de la técnica Valsalva a Frenzel?

Para aquellos que deseen cambiar de la técnica Valsalva a la técnica Frenzel en la compensación de presión en los oídos durante el buceo, a continuación se presentan los pasos a seguir:

Aprender a exhalar y elevar el diafragma

El primer paso consiste en practicar la exhalación mientras el diafragma se eleva. Esto ayuda a reducir la cantidad de aire en los pulmones, lo que facilitará el proceso de compensación de presión.

Pronunciar ciertas letras

Se recomienda pronunciar letras como «k» o «g» durante la exhalación. Esto permite cerrar la glotis y evitar que el aire escape por la boca, haciendo que el aire se dirija hacia los oídos.

Prestar atención a la inflación de las fosas nasales

Al utilizar la técnica Frenzel, es importante prestar atención a la inflación de las fosas nasales. Al exhalar suavemente mientras se cierran las fosas nasales, se crea un aumento de la presión en el oído medio, facilitando la compensación.

No utilizar el abdomen para compensar la presión del oído durante la inmersión

Es fundamental recordar que, al cambiar a la técnica Frenzel, no se debe utilizar el abdomen para compensar la presión en los oídos durante la inmersión.

Es necesario centrarse en los pasos anteriores y mantener una correcta coordinación de los movimientos.

Teniendo en cuenta estos pasos, podrás realizar la transición de la técnica Valsalva a la técnica Frenzel de forma efectiva y mejorar la compensación de presión en tus oídos durante el buceo.

Descensos y ascensos controlados y lentos

Descensos y ascensos controlados y lentos

Durante la práctica del buceo, los descensos y ascensos controlados y lentos son fundamentales para garantizar la seguridad y prevenir problemas en los oídos.

Al descender, es importante hacerlo de manera gradual, permitiendo que los oídos se adapten a los cambios de presión.

Se recomienda controlar la velocidad de la inmersión y no descender demasiado rápido, brindando tiempo suficiente para que los oídos se compensen adecuadamente.

Asimismo, al ascender, también se debe realizar de forma gradual, evitando cambios bruscos de presión que puedan afectar negativamente los oídos.

Es fundamental estar constantemente atento a las señales que el cuerpo nos brinda durante el descenso y ascenso, como la sensación de presión en los oídos o la dificultad para compensar.

Si se experimentan molestias, es necesario detenerse y tomar las medidas necesarias para corregir la situación antes de continuar.

Además de controlar la velocidad, es importante tener en cuenta otros factores, como mantener una buena hidratación antes y durante la actividad de buceo.

El agua ayuda a mejorar la movilidad de las trompas de Eustaquio, facilitando la compensación de presión en los oídos.

Importancia de mantener una buena hidratación

Mantenerse hidratado es fundamental durante la actividad de buceo para garantizar un buen funcionamiento del organismo y prevenir posibles complicaciones.

El buceo puede ser físicamente exigente y puede llevar a la deshidratación si no se toman las medidas adecuadas.

Beber suficiente agua antes, durante y después del buceo es esencial para mantener el equilibrio de líquidos y evitar problemas de salud.

La deshidratación puede afectar negativamente la capacidad de compensar la presión en los oídos, aumentando el riesgo de lesiones en los tímpanos o incomodidad durante la inmersión.

Se recomienda llevar consigo una botella de agua y beber regularmente, especialmente en aguas cálidas o en inmersiones largas.

Además, es importante evitar el consumo de alcohol o bebidas con cafeína antes de bucear, ya que pueden contribuir a la deshidratación.

La hidratación adecuada también contribuye a mejorar el rendimiento físico y la capacidad de concentración durante el buceo, lo que es crucial para una experiencia segura y placentera.

Recuerda que la sed es un signo tardío de deshidratación, por lo tanto, es importante mantenerse hidratado incluso si no sientes sed.

  • Beber suficiente agua antes, durante y después del buceo.
  • Llevar consigo una botella de agua durante la inmersión.
  • Avoidar el consumo de alcohol o bebidas con cafeína antes de bucear para prevenir la deshidratación.

¡Recuerda que mantener una buena hidratación es esencial para disfrutar plenamente de tus inmersiones sin problemas en los oídos y garantizar tu bienestar general bajo el agua!

102 Comments

  1. Socks dice:

    very nice put up, i actually love this web site, keep on it

  2. Metal recycling salvage Ferrous waste salvage yard Iron waste handling

    Ferrous material recycling agreements, Scrap iron recycling center, Scrap metal reclaiming depot

  3. Metal scrap breakup Ferrous material recycling guidelines Iron scrap salvage yard

    Ferrous metal scrapyard, Iron reclaiming, Scrap metal resource recovery

  4. Metal scrap reprocessing Ferrous metal recycling industry Iron processing

    Ferrous material knowledge, Iron reclaiming center, Scrap metal industry trends

  5. Scrap metal recovery and brokerage Ferrous material collection Iron reclaiming facility

    Ferrous scrap recycling technology, Iron scrap recovery strategies, Metal scrap salvage

  6. Grâce au programme de surveillance parentale, les parents peuvent prêter attention aux activités de téléphonie mobile de leurs enfants et surveiller les messages WhatsApp plus facilement et plus facilement. Le logiciel d’application s’exécute silencieusement en arrière-plan de l’appareil cible, enregistrant des messages de conversation, des émoticônes, des fichiers multimédias, des photos et des vidéos. Il s’applique à tous les appareils fonctionnant sur les systèmes Android et iOS.

  7. It’s a game. Five dollars is free. Try it It’s not an easy game
    ->-> 토토사이트.COM

  8. It’s a game. Five dollars is free. Try it It’s not an easy game
    ->-> 카지노사이트

  9. Hey very cool blog!! Man .. Beautiful .. Amazing .. I will bookmark your site and take the feeds also…I am happy to find a lot of useful information here in the post, we need work out more strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  10. binance- dice:

    Thank you for your sharing. I am worried that I lack creative ideas. It is your article that makes me full of hope. Thank you. But, I have a question, can you help me?

  11. Whats Happening i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads. I am hoping to give a contribution & assist other users like its aided me. Good job.

  12. Good write-up, I?¦m regular visitor of one?¦s web site, maintain up the nice operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a long time.

  13. Hey! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it very difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any tips or suggestions? Thank you

  14. puravive dice:

    Puravive is a natural weight loss supplement and is said to be quite effective in supporting healthy weight loss.

  15. It’s actually a great and useful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this useful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  16. java burn dice:

    Outstanding post, you have pointed out some excellent details , I likewise think this s a very great website.

  17. Precisely what I was looking for, appreciate it for posting.

  18. I think this website has got some really great info for everyone. «A man’s dreams are an index to his greatness.» by Zadok Rabinwitz.

  19. Tonic Greens dice:

    Fantastic site. A lot of useful information here. I am sending it to some pals ans additionally sharing in delicious. And naturally, thanks on your effort!

  20. Serolean dice:

    My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a different page and thought I might as well check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to looking at your web page repeatedly.

  21. Prodentim dice:

    Thanks for the good writeup. It if truth be told used to be a entertainment account it. Glance advanced to far added agreeable from you! However, how could we keep up a correspondence?

  22. After study a few of the blog posts on your website now, and I truly like your way of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Pls check out my web site as well and let me know what you think.

  23. Currently it appears like WordPress is the top blogging platform out there right now.
    https://main7.top/woori/

  24. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays..

  25. Sight Care dice:

    I don’t even know the way I ended up here, but I thought this put up was good. I do not recognize who you might be however definitely you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!

  26. tlovertonet dice:

    I’m not sure why but this blog is loading extremely slow for me. Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end? I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  27. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any assistance is very much appreciated.

  28. Good ?V I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all the tabs and related info ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task..

  29. tlovertonet dice:

    There are some attention-grabbing time limits in this article however I don’t know if I see all of them center to heart. There is some validity but I will take hold opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we would like more! Added to FeedBurner as properly

  30. An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little analysis on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If possible, as you become expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more details? It is highly helpful for me. Big thumb up for this blog post!

  31. Fitspresso dice:

    You are my intake, I own few blogs and rarely run out from to post : (.

  32. Pronerve 6 dice:

    Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I to find It truly helpful & it helped me out a lot. I’m hoping to offer something again and aid others like you aided me.

  33. he blog was how do i say it… relevant, finally something that helped me. Thanks

  34. Tonic Greens dice:

    I am often to blogging and i really appreciate your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I am going to bookmark your site and keep checking for new information.

  35. Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem together with your web site in internet explorer, would check this?K IE still is the marketplace leader and a huge component of folks will leave out your magnificent writing due to this problem.

  36. Vivaslim dice:

    Fantastic blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely confused .. Any recommendations? Kudos!

  37. As a Newbie, I am always searching online for articles that can aid me. Thank you

  38. java burn dice:

    Some really interesting points you have written.Assisted me a lot, just what I was searching for : D.

  39. Well I really enjoyed reading it. This information procured by you is very effective for proper planning.

  40. looking dice:

    Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it is really informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  41. Hey just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your post seem to be running off the screen in Opera. I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Many thanks

  42. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?

  43. Magnificent website. Lots of useful info here. I am sending it to several friends ans also sharing in delicious. And obviously, thank you for your effort!

  44. Lovely just what I was searching for.Thanks to the author for taking his time on this one.

  45. Loving the info on this website , you have done great job on the content.

  46. rtp adm4d dice:

    I together with my friends came looking through the great ideas on your web page while the sudden I had a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to the web site owner for those techniques. Those ladies ended up consequently passionate to read all of them and now have actually been making the most of those things. We appreciate you really being really accommodating and for opting for variety of fabulous subjects most people are really desirous to be aware of. Our own honest regret for not saying thanks to you earlier.

  47. Prodentim dice:

    A lot of what you mention happens to be astonishingly legitimate and it makes me wonder why I hadn’t looked at this with this light before. This piece really did turn the light on for me personally as far as this specific subject matter goes. But there is actually one issue I am not too comfortable with so while I attempt to reconcile that with the main idea of the position, let me see exactly what all the rest of the readers have to say.Well done.

  48. FitSpresso dice:

    I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a great blog like this one today..

  49. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this web site. Reading this information So i am happy to convey that I have an incredibly good uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most certainly will make certain to do not forget this website and give it a look regularly.

  50. It¦s in point of fact a great and useful piece of info. I¦m satisfied that you simply shared this useful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  51. Hi there, I found your blog via Google at the same time as searching for a related topic, your site came up, it appears great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  52. Yeah bookmaking this wasn’t a high risk conclusion great post! .

  53. The Rice Purity Test, originating from Rice University, is a questionnaire designed to evaluate a person’s innocence through 100 diverse questions. These questions span various aspects of life, including personal habits, romantic relationships, and exposure to illegal activities. It serves as a tool for individuals, particularly students, to assess their experiences and compare them with peers. While not scientifically rigorous, the test is widely used for entertainment and as a conversation starter, allowing people to reflect on their life experiences in a lighthearted manner. https://ricepuritytesttool.com/

  54. Glucotrust dice:

    Appreciate it for this post, I am a big big fan of this internet site would like to proceed updated.

  55. I’m impressed, I need to say. Really hardly ever do I encounter a weblog that’s each educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you could have hit the nail on the head. Your idea is outstanding; the difficulty is one thing that not sufficient persons are speaking intelligently about. I am very completely happy that I stumbled across this in my search for something relating to this.

  56. What Is FitSpresso? The effective weight management formula FitSpresso is designed to inherently support weight loss. It is made using a synergistic blend of ingredients chosen especially for their metabolism-boosting and fat-burning features.

  57. What Is FitSpresso? The effective weight management formula FitSpresso is designed to inherently support weight loss. It is made using a synergistic blend of ingredients chosen especially for their metabolism-boosting and fat-burning features.

  58. What Is Wealth Signal? Wealth Signal isn’t just a financial tool; it’s a new way of thinking about and achieving wealth. Unlike traditional methods that focus on external strategies, Wealth Signal emphasizes changing your internal mindset.

  59. Java Burn dice:

    Great blog right here! Additionally your site quite a bit up fast! What host are you the usage of? Can I get your affiliate link for your host? I want my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  60. Nice post. I learn something more challenging on different blogs everyday. It will always be stimulating to read content from other writers and practice a little something from their store. I’d prefer to use some with the content on my blog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll give you a link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

  61. You are a very smart individual!

  62. Great post. I am facing a couple of these problems.

  63. Glucofreedom dice:

    Really nice design and great content, nothing at all else we need : D.

  64. Very efficiently written information. It will be beneficial to anyone who utilizes it, as well as yours truly :). Keep doing what you are doing – looking forward to more posts.

  65. Those are yours alright! . We at least need to get these people stealing images to start blogging! They probably just did a image search and grabbed them. They look good though!

  66. Very informative and good body structure of articles, now that’s user friendly (:.

  67. I needed to put you the tiny observation to finally say thank you over again considering the superb principles you’ve provided in this case. It was simply seriously generous of you to grant without restraint what a number of people could possibly have made available as an e book to generate some profit for their own end, even more so given that you could have tried it if you ever desired. These things likewise served to become fantastic way to recognize that other people online have similar zeal much like mine to learn more and more with reference to this condition. I am sure there are numerous more pleasant opportunities up front for many who read your blog. the growth matrix reviews

  68. phenq dice:

    I intended to create you a tiny remark just to give thanks once again for those wonderful tricks you’ve discussed at this time. It has been simply tremendously generous with you to grant extensively what exactly many individuals might have sold as an e book to make some money on their own, even more so given that you could possibly have tried it if you decided. The points as well acted like a fantastic way to be certain that the rest have similar dreams the same as mine to know a lot more related to this matter. Certainly there are millions of more pleasurable opportunities ahead for many who discover your blog. phenq

  69. tonic greens dice:

    Needed to write you that little remark to give many thanks yet again regarding the extraordinary guidelines you have discussed here. This is simply pretty generous of people like you to deliver unreservedly precisely what a few people would have offered for an e book to end up making some bucks on their own, mostly considering that you might well have tried it if you ever decided. These tips also served like the easy way to be sure that other individuals have the same zeal just as my personal own to know whole lot more in respect of this condition. I am certain there are several more enjoyable times up front for individuals who check out your site. tonic greens reviews

  70. Delta 8 THC dice:

    I very happy to find this website on bing, just what I was searching for : D also saved to fav.

  71. Gluco 6 dice:

    I conceive this website has got some rattling good info for everyone :D. «Laughter is the sun that drives winter from the human face.» by Victor Hugo.

  72. Gluco 6 dice:

    Hi, just required you to know I he added your site to my Google bookmarks due to your layout. But seriously, I believe your internet site has 1 in the freshest theme I??ve came across. It extremely helps make reading your blog significantly easier.

  73. Titanflow dice:

    Hello. magnificent job. I did not anticipate this. This is a impressive story. Thanks!

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

WhatsApp WHATSAPP NOW!